ANATOMY OF LANDMARK

Project by: Threse Eberl, Marta Kowalczyk

Tutor: Alexander Pols, Kees Kaan

A Landmark exists by virtue of its environment, its ‘raison d´être’ has to be comprehended before analysing the building itself. Through their specific location, function and distinct architecture, landmarks have become meaningful and recognizable.
North of the centre, along the Paseo de la Castellana, lies the multi layered AZCA Complex. It is enclosed by the football stadium Santiago Bernabeau and Nuevos Ministerios. AZCA was conceived in the 60’s and 70’s as the new business district responding to the overgrew old centre. During the 80’s some remarkable skyscrapers have been built and for a long time it was considered the ‘Manhattan of Madrid’. The mono-functional program, labyrinthic international spaces and hidden infrastructure have led to a problematic area during non-office hours. As an urban entity it isolates itself from the otherwise lively city around.

plot – AZCA Madrid
The idea of a city in a city is the basic concept of future urban planning (…) a a city-archipelago. The urban islands will have an identity in keeping with their history, social structure and environmental characterictics. The city will be a federation of these single town with different structures, developed in deliberately antithetic manner.
 A Manifesto by O.M. Ungers, R. Koolhaas with P. Riemann, H. Kollhoff and A. Ovasaka
Monuments giving structure to the city – Aldo Rossi, Architecture of the city
Monuments project onto the land the conception of the world, whereas the city projects social life.
Henri Lefebvre, Revolution of the city
skyscrapers and plazas
main axises
functions
built structure
masterplan
the skyscraper
structural principle
structural plan
groundfloor plan
floor plan
rooftop plan
model
section
diagram